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وبلاگ NaziCenter - موسیقی مورد علاقه هیتلر (ریچارد واگنر)
وبلاگ NaziCenter
اگر ملتی اراده داشته باشد در هر کاری پیروز خواهد شد. (آدولف هیتلر)
برای "آدولف هیتلر" و نازی‌ها، موسیقیِ باخ بتهوون برامس و خصوصا موسیقیِ "ریچارد واگنر"، سمبلهایی بودند از برتریِ نژادِ ژرمن در موسیقی. وقتی نازی‌ها در سال 1933، قانون برتری نژادی را تصویب کردند مرکزی را به نام "reichsmusikkammer" تاسیس کردند که همه‌ی موسیقیدانان موظف به عضویت در آن بودند و هر کسی از عضویت در آن سر باز می‌زد،موسیقی‌اش فاسد و منحط خوانده می‌شد. حتی زمانی که "ریچارد اشتراوس"، که در بدو تاسیس "reichsmusikkammer" از طرفِ "ژوزف گوبلز" به مقام ریاست آن رسیده بود، اپرای تک نفره‌ی "فردنستاگ" را در سال 1936 به عنوان سرودی برای آزادی و صلح و در مخالف با جنگ نوشت، اثرش بلافاصله توقیف و ممنوع شد.
"هیتلر"، شیفته‌یِ "واگنر" بود. چنان شیفته‌ی او بود که می‌خواست همه‌ی هنرمندانِ آلمان مانندِ "واگنر" باشند و مانند او فکر کنند. در بسیاری از مواقع، پیش از لشکر کشیِ آلمان‌ها، سربازانِ نازی مجبور بودند که در صفوفشان به موسیقی "واگنر" گوش بسپارند چرا که از نظرِ "پیشوا"، تمامِ نشاته هایِ روحِ ژرمنی در کالبدِ موسیقیِ "واگنر" وجود داشت."هیتلر"، اپراهای "واگنر" را تجسم آرمانی سرزمین آلمان می‌دانست.

هر اندازه که"استقلال در کار و هنر "، برای موسیقیدانان برجسته ای نظیر "باخ"، "هندل" و "هایدن"، بی‌معنا بود،به همان اندازه این واژه در موسیقی "واگنر" معنا و مفهوم پیدا می‌کرد. وقتی در اواخرِ قرنِ هفدهم و اوایلِ قرنِ هجدهم "بتهوون" سعی کرد با فاصله گرفتن از دربار و کلیسا به موسبقی‌اش استقلال ببخشد تا بتواند احساساتِ شخصی‌اش را در آثارش بروز دهد ــ کاری که در نهایت آن را سمفونی نهم‌اش انجام داد ــ چنان تنها ماند که در سالهای واپسین حیاتش نمی‌توانست از طریق موسیقی امرارِ معاش کند ــ وضعیتی که با شکلی متفاوت در موردِ فرانتس شوبرت هم اتفاق افتاد ــ. با موسیقی "ریچارد واگنر" بود که داعیه‌ی استقلال طلبیِ موسیقیدان به عنوان هنرمند به مرحله‌ی نهایی خود رسید.آرزوی که روزی "بتهوون " تمنای آن را داشت،"ریچارد واگنر"ــ که در تمامِ زندگی‌اش "بتهوون" را مومنانه ستایش کرده بود ــ آن را محقق کرد. موسیقی "واگنر" از روحِ سرکشِ او می‌جوشید. او مدعی بود که برای نسلِ بشر، بشارت آورده؛ از آن گونه بشارتهایی که رسولان برای مردمانشان از جانب خداوند می‌آورند. سالهای پایانیِ حیاتِ "واگنر" سالهایی بودند که او با اتکا به عزت نفسش، پا را فراتر از این هم گذاشت و عمیقا ایمان آورده بود که موسیقدانان باید همانند خدایان ستایش شوند. او خود را خدایی می‌دانست که لایق ستایش است و مردم آنقدر به او و هنرش مدیون هستند که باید در برابرش به خاک افتند. روزهایی که خودش فرصت آن را داشت که به چشم خویش ببیند که چطور شیفتگانش او را همچون خدایان پرستش می‌کنند.

اسطوره ای که در سالِ 1883 در شهرِ "بایروت" در اثرِ حمله‌ی قلبی جان سپرد




نوع مطلب : جنگ جهانی دوم، دمی با فرماندهان، تاریخ، علوم انسانی، 
برچسب ها : هیتلر و موسیقی، هیتلر و واگنر، ریچارد واگنر، موسیقی نازیسم، موسیقی نازیها،
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